What Is Capital Reserve?

Are you curious to know what is capital reserve? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about capital reserve in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is capital reserve?

Capital reserve stands as a fundamental aspect of financial management, providing stability and flexibility to a company’s financial structure. This article aims to delve into the depths of capital reserve, its variations, accounting implications, and the crucial role it plays in a business’s financial landscape.

What Is Capital Reserve?

Capital reserve refers to a specific pool of funds that a company sets aside from its profits. Unlike revenue reserves generated from operational profits, capital reserves are derived from non-operational sources, such as profits from the sale of assets, issuance of shares at a premium, or revaluation of assets.

What Is Capital Redemption Reserve?

A subset of capital reserve, the capital redemption reserve, is created when a company buys back its shares, as mandated by law. It ensures that the company has ample funds to redeem or repurchase its shares, maintaining the integrity of its capital structure.

What Is Capital Redemption Reserve Account?

The capital redemption reserve account serves as a repository where the company allocates funds to meet legal requirements, protecting the rights of shareholders and preserving the company’s financial stability.

What Is Reserve Capital (Class 12)?

Reserve capital, often discussed in academic contexts like Class 12 studies, represents the portion of a company’s authorized share capital that remains unissued. It acts as a safeguard in case the company needs to raise additional funds without altering its capital structure.

What Is Capital Reserve In Accounting?

In accounting, capital reserve is categorized under shareholders’ equity and appears on the balance sheet. It serves as a buffer against unforeseen financial challenges and enables a company to fund future ventures or expansions without diluting its ownership.

What Is Capital Reserve In Balance Sheet?

Capital reserve is listed on the liability side of a company’s balance sheet, reflecting the accumulated surplus set aside for specific purposes, distinct from day-to-day operational requirements.

What Is Capital Reserve Formula?

The formula to calculate capital reserve involves subtracting the nominal value of issued shares from the total share capital. The resulting amount, if positive, signifies the capital reserve.

What Is Capital Reserve Example?

An illustration of capital reserve could be a company selling a property at a higher value than its book value. The surplus generated from this transaction is allocated to the capital reserve.

What Is Revenue Reserve?

Dissimilar to capital reserves, revenue reserves originate from operational profits and are used for various purposes like dividends, expansion, or offsetting losses.

Uses Of Capital Reserve

Capital reserves offer companies the flexibility to invest in long-term projects, reduce debt, issue bonus shares, or absorb losses without affecting shareholder dividends or the company’s financial health.


In conclusion, capital reserve stands as a financial cornerstone that fortifies a company’s stability and facilitates strategic decision-making. Understanding its nuances and applications is pivotal for sound financial management and sustaining a robust business structure.

Remember, capital reserves play an indispensable role in bolstering a company’s financial resilience and warrant diligent allocation and management for sustainable growth.


What Do You Mean By Capital Reserve?

A capital reserve is the amount of money kept aside to cover a company’s unexpected expenses. It can also serve as a cushion to absorb potential losses in the future. Capital reserves are never used to pay dividends to shareholders.

What Is The Difference Between Capital Reserve And Revenue Reserve?

Capital reserve are the funds to create financial long term projects/to write off capital expenses. Revenue reserve is the total amount retained to meet future contingencies. Capital reserve are created for nontrading activities. Revenue reserve is created for trading activities.

What Is The Capital Cash Reserve?

Capital cash reserves help pay for capital finance policies. Generally, money is set aside to finance the entire or a set portion of a future capital undertaking, such as the replacement of a long-term asset like a plant and machinery.

What Is The Capital Reserve And Capital Redemption Reserve?

When a company decides to redeem the redeemable preference shares out of the profits that are otherwise available for paying dividends, it needs to create the Capital Redemption Reserve A/c. The amount in the Capital Redemption Reserve is equal to the nominal value of the redeemable preference shares.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Capital Reserve

What Is Capital Redemption Reserve

What Is Capital Redemption Reserve Account

What Is Reserve Capital Class 12

What Is Capital Reserve In Accounting

What Is Capital Reserve In Balance Sheet

What Is Capital Reserve Formula

What Is Capital Reserve Example

What Is Revenue Reserve

What Is Capital Reserve Class 11

What Is Capital Reserve Class 12

Uses Of Capital Reserve

What Is Capital Reserve